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生活本来就不易了,就别再道听途说了!(第213句)

作者:admin发布时间:2020-09-09分类:最新焦点浏览:47评论:0


导读:原标题:生活本来就不易了,就别再道听途说了!(第213句)很多同学过来问我,今天英语二的难度是不是会增加,我感觉很莫名其...
原标题:生活本来就不易了,就别再道听途说了!(第213句)

生活本来就不易了,就别再道听途说了!(第213句)

很多同学过来问我,今天英语二的难度是不是会增加,我感觉很莫名其妙。

后来才知道是有一些群里在传这个消息。

首先,这样的消息真的非常无聊。大纲的变化是非常慎重的事情,不太可能到现在了突然传来消息,要加新的题型。

其次,英语二的难度最近几年都很稳定,偶尔一年有一个题型比较难,其他题型的难度都不会很大。这样整体难度就持平了。

所以,安心复习,等待大纲!

稳住,我们能赢!

生活本来就不易了,就别再道听途说了!(第213句)

对了,再来看看against:

against

against / əˈgenst; əˈgeinst/ preposition

展开全文

1. opposing or disagreeing with sb / sth

反对;与…相反;逆;违反:

the fight against terrorism

反对恐怖主义的斗争

We're playing against the league champions next week.

下周我们要和联赛冠军队比赛。 (这里的against实际没有翻译)

We were rowing against the current.

我们划船逆流而上。

That's against the law.

那是违法的。

She was forced to marry against her will.

她被迫违背自己的心愿嫁了人。

Are you for or against the death penalty?

你赞成还是反对死刑?

She is against seeing (= does not want to see) him.

她不想见他。

I'd advise you against doing that.

我劝你别做那事。

2.not to the advantage or favour of sb / sth

对…不利:

The evidence is against him.

证据对他不利。

Her age is against her.

她的年龄对她不利。

compare for prep. (7)

3.close to, touching or hitting sb / sth

紧靠;倚;碰;撞:

Put the piano there, against the wall.

把钢琴放在那儿,紧靠着墙。

The rain beat against the windows.

雨点击打着窗户。(这里的against也是没有翻译的。)

4.in order to prevent sth from happening or to reduce the damage caused by sth

以防:

an injection against rabies

狂犬病预防注射

They took precautions against fire.

他们采取了防火措施。

Are we insured against theft?

我们保了盗窃险没有?(这里的against实际也没有翻译)

5.with sth in the background, as a contrast

以…为背景;衬托:

His red clothes stood out clearly against the snow.

他的红衣服在白雪中格外显眼。

( figurative) The love story unfolds against a background of civil war.

这爱情故事以内战为背景展开。

6.used when you are comparing ten things

和…相比:

You must weigh the benefits against the cost.

你一定要权衡利益与成本二者的得失。

Check your receipts against the statement.

核对你的收据与结算单是否相符。

What's the rate of exchange against the dollar?

美元的兑换率是多少? (这里的against实际也没有翻译)

所以简单讲:

Against通常就是三种处理:

1.反对,对于,防范 2.以…为背景 ,和…相比较 3. 不翻译

真题例句:

1.Tough tactics have been deployed against smoking over the last decade.

过去的十年间,严厉的措施已经用于反对吸烟。(against :反对)

2.Discrimination against certain races

对于某些种族的歧视(against :对于)

3. The recession has made people struggle against each other.

经济衰退使得人们相互竞争。(against :不翻译)

4.Those who are against gene patents believe that only man-made products are patentable.

那些反对基因专利的人相信只有人造的产品才能申请专利。

5. Can We Win the Race Against Machines?

我们能赢得一场和机器的竞赛吗?((against :不翻译))

6. We can’t prepare a medicine against cosmic rays.

我们不能准备防范宇宙射线的药(against:防范)

It is therefore generally valuable to treat the scientific establishment as a resource or machine to be kept in functional order. This seems mostly effectively done by supporting a certain amount of research not related to immediate goals but of possible consequence in the future.

How can we keep research institutes as functional machine?

(A) Do not relate the immediate goals with long future

(B) To support the research and study relating to resource

(C) To champion some kind of research in a proper way

(D) Do not study the possible consequences of present action

感谢你参与投票:

1.scientific establishment 学术机构

2. immediate goals 近期目标

It(形式主语) is therefore generallyvaluableto treat the scientific establishment as a resource or machine to be kept in functional order主语).

参考译文: 因此,将科研机构视为一种资源或一台机器,并维持其良好的运行状态。这样做通常是很有价值的。

This seems mostly effectively doneby supporting a certain amount of researchnot related to immediate goalsbut of possible consequence in the future.

翻译的时候可以先翻状语。

参考译文:支持某些与当前目标无关但将来可能产生影响的科研,看来能最有效地完成这一目标。

所以思考题:

How can we keep research institutes as functional machine?

我们如何才能保持研究机构的像有效运转的机器?

(A) Do not relate the immediate goals with long future

(A) 不要把眼前的目标与长远的未来联系起来

(B) To support the research and study relating to resource

(B) 支持与资源有关的研究和研究

没有谈到要研究资源啊

Resource这个词在上一句中的。

一看整个选项就知道是拼多多啊!

(C) To champion some kind of research in a proper way

(C)以适当的方式支持某种研究

这个选项是不是感觉和没有说是一样的。

这就是传说中的模糊替换,越模糊越正确!

原文:凯文前天买了一束花

选项:某人某天做了一件事

是不是完全正确啊?虽然和废话一样!

有同学说没有出现:in a proper way(以恰当的方式啊)

但是加上也不会影响整个选项的性质啊。

而且很好的配平了这个正确选项的长度。(听过我课的应该知道哦)

有人说不知道champion表示支持,这是我讲过的哦还记得吗???

(D) Do not study the possible consequences of present action

(D) 不研究目前行动可能产生的后果

文中说的是不要做和近期目标相关的研究。

没有说不研究现在行为可能产生的后果。

所以不对!

(有没有感觉到真题的味道!骄傲的告诉你这个题是我出的!)

我们的小目标,和人民日报站在一起!

坚持一件事情不容易,如果你再看请坚持点“在看”!

点“在看”变“好看”!

点“在看”好运加一半!

标签:难度题型翻译消息大纲实际背景兑换率狂犬病窗户goalssthasamountis


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